THE FUTURE OF WORK IN THE COVID-19 ERA
Principal Investigator: Prof. Sigal Alon
COVID-19 recession is unique in its work-related features. Mandatory social distancing requirements, an inevitable aspect of the pandemic, have imposed structural shifts on work, most notably the expansion of work from home, virtual communication, e-commerce, and the disruption if not complete hiatus in multiple industries.
This distinctive, massive, and global shock, aiming a poisoned arrow right at the heart of the labor market, may accelerate transformations in the nature of work that have gradually emerged due to economic, technological, and globalization changes. In the long run, these shifts will challenge the c core values of the work society and the very role of work in individuals’ life and livelihood.
FOW COVID project takes advantage of this natural experiment by adopting a long-term view based on repeated and frequent tracking of the nature and meaning of work and consolidating pre-COVID-19 assessments of work arrangements/orientations in Israel with several COVID-19-era routine follow-up assessments.
FOW COVID: REPEATED CROSS-SECTIONAL DESIGN
ISRAEL AS A CASE STUDY
This study is unique because the first COVID-19-era survey, conducted at the peak of the pandemic, serves as a necessary baseline estimate for appraising future shifts is work experiences and the calibrations of work orientation. It allows us to assess how an exogenous jolt to the system impinges on individuals’ employment and work orientation.
The timing of T1 is ideal. By September-October 2020, when T1 data wascollected via a web-based survey, Israel was in the height of a second wave, the country with the highest rate of new cases per capita and with a higher death rate per capita than several developed countries. A countrywide lockdown during this period was long with restrictions stricter than the OECD average, severely disrupting labor market activity. Israel also provides a great case study because of the record jump in unemployment in Israel, from an all-time low to an all-time high (35% in April 2020).
The nature of work: traditional and nonstandard employment arrangements, underemployment, precarious work history, work from home, job security, employment security, economic insecurity, job quality, workers and nonworkers’ human capital, job search activities, and the sources of economic support.
Work orientation: work centrality, work values, job satisfaction, work-life balance, solidarity, and government support.
Demographic, social and educational attributes of respondent, spouse, and household.